Logistics

     Amarantest company has a set of all objects in the logistics channel system :

     1) Simple logistics network. No middlemen. This circuit is formed within the enterprise or between enterprises located in a village or a contract for direct supply.
     2) Logistics network of average complexity. One broker.
     3) Complex logistics network. There is broker from a seller, there are intermediaries for the buyer and there is exchange, which interact with the mediators.
     4) Super logistics network, or a super tree logistics network. There are many mediators, representatives of various industries, such as: Reseller Branch Railway Authority railway that delivers a lease on the way, handling organizations, expert organization, motor organization, and so on.

Using all types of intermediaries:

     – Dealers conducting operations on its behalf and at their own expense. Have the right to ownership and disposition of goods.
     – Distributors acting on behalf of the manufacturer at his own expense. Have no ownership of the goods. Have the right to dispose of the products.

     – Commissioners – is acting on its behalf by the manufacturer. Have the right to dispose of the product, but do not have property rights.

     – Agents acting on behalf of the manufacturer for his own account. Have the right to dispose of the product, but do not have property rights.

     – Brokers acting on behalf of the manufacturer at his own expense. Have no right to dispose of products, and have no property rights.

Factors influencing the choice of mediator.

     1) Intensive distribution – includes ensuring supplies products to the greatest possible number of business enterprises.
     2) Exclusive distribution – suggests deliberately limited the number of intermediaries that sell this product in the sales territories.
     3) Selective distribution – is a cross between the methods of intensive and exclusive distribution. Selective distribution allows the manufacturer to achieve the required market coverage with tighter controls and a lower cost than the organization of intensive distribution.

The choice of mediator and its basic principles:

     1) Interest mediator in establishing the relationship of sales of goods;
     2) Good knowledge of intermediary goods wholesaler, the reliability of the wholesale companies in the industry;
     3) The presence of an intermediary storage tanks;
     4) A desire to broker shall keep stocks of products supplier;
     5) Strength of the financial situation of the mediator;
     6) Justification of its policy of pricing;

From the history of logistics: :


     Since the late 20 th century concept of logistics has become widely used in economics. But the term itself predates logistics. In Greece, the concept of logistics was called “the art of calculation”. In ancient Rome, the concept of logistics used in distribution of products. Over time, the concept of logistics was in military science. In the 9 th century AD the concept of logistics (Byzantium) – to supply the army. After World War II logistics was used in the global economy.

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